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What drugs are used to treat infertility in women?

Infertility treatment depends on the cause,your age, duration of infertility and many other factors.Treatment for infertility include the drugs that helps in regulating and stimulation of ovulation.The fertility drugs are as follows:

Clomiphene (Clomid): This drug causes acting on the pituitary gland to release more FSH and LH which stimulate the growth of an ovarian follicle containing an egg. This medicine is taken by mouth.

Human menopausal gonadotropin or HMG (Repronex, Pergonal): This medicine is often used for women who don’t ovulate due to problems with their pituitary gland. HMG acts directly on the ovaries to stimulate ovulation. It is an injectable drug.

Follicle-stimulating hormone or FSH (Gonal-F, Follistim): FSH works much like HMG. It causes the ovaries to begin the process of ovulation. These drugs are in injectable form.

Gonadotropin releasing hormone is a decapeptide that is produced in the hypothalamus and acts upon GnRH receptors on the surface of gonadotropin cells in the pituitary gland, stimulating the release of luteinising hormone ( LH) and follicular stimulating hormone (FSH) which in turn stimulate the release of estrogen by the female ovaries so that women does not ovulate before the egg gets matured.These drugs are also in form of the injectables.

Metformin: Doctors use this drug for women who have insulin resistance and/or polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS). This drug enhances insulin sensitivity at the cellular level and also appears to have direct effects within the ovary. Sometimes clomiphene citrate or FSH is combined with metformin. This drug is usually taken by mouth.

Bromocriptine (Parlodel): This drug is used for women with ovulation problems due to high levels of prolactin. Prolactin is a hormone that causes milk production.

Many fertility drugs increase a woman’s chance of having twins, triplets, or other multiples.


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